Ken Robinson - Do schools kill creativity/ TED Talks (English subtitles)

Ken Robinson – Do schools kill creativity/ TED Talks (English subtitles)



good morning how are you it's been great hasn't it it's been I've been blown away by the whole thing in fact I'm leaving there are being three themes haven't there running through the conference which are rather relevant to what I want to talk about one is the extraordinary evidence of human creativity in all of the presentations that we've had and in all the people here just the variety of it in the range of it the second is that it's put it in a place where we have no idea what's going to happen in terms of future no idea how this may play out I have an interesting education actually what I find is everybody has an interest in education don't you I find it's very interesting if you did it at a dinner party and you say you work in education actually you're not often at dinner parties frankly to think if your weapon education you're not asked you know and and you'll never asked back curiously that's a shame to me but if you are and you say to somebody no they say what do you do and you say you work in education you can see the blood run from their face I think oh my god you know by me it's my one night out all week but if you ask about their education they pin you to the wall because it's one of those things that goes deep with people am i right like religion and money and other things so I have a big interest in education and I think we all do we have a huge vested interest in partly because it's education that's meant to take us into this future that we can't grasp if you think of it children starting school this year will be retiring in 2065 nobody has a clue despite all the expertise that's been on parade for the past four days what the world would look like in five years time and yet were meant to be educating them for it so the unpredictability I think is extraordinary and the third part of this is that we've all agreed nonetheless on the really extraordinary capacities that children have their capacities for innovation I mean Sirena last night was a Marvel wasn't she just seeing what she could do and she's exceptional but I think she's not so to speak exceptional in the whole of childhood what you have there is a person of extraordinary location who found a talent and my contention is all kids have tremendous talents and we squander them pretty ruthlessly so I want to talk about education and I want to talk about creativity my contention is that creativity now is as important in education as literacy and we should treat it with the same status that was it I don't think you wanna say so 15 minutes left well I was born no the I had a great story recently I love telling it now of a little girl who was in a drawing lesson she was six inches to the back drawing and the teacher said this little girl hardly ever paid attention and in this drawing lesson she did and the teacher was fascinated she went over to and she said what are you drawing and the girl said I'm drawing a picture of God and the teacher said but nobody knows what God looks like and the girl said they will in a minute when when my son was four in England actually he was four everywhere to be honest the Minho honey for being strict about it wherever he went it was four that year but he was in the nativity play remember the story no it's big his big story Mel Gibson to the sequel you may have seen it another Nativity – victim James got the part of Joseph which we were thrilled about we consider this to be one of the lead parts we had the place crammed full of agents and t-shirts you know James Robinson is Joseph overhead he didn't have to speak but the other bit where the three kings come in now they come in bearing gifts and they bring gold frankincense and myrrh this really happened we're sitting there and they I think just went out of sequence because we talked a little boy afterwards and said you know y'all carry that they said yeah why was that wrong they just switched thing it was it anyway the food boys came in little four-year-olds with tea towels on the heads and they put these boxes down the first boy said I bring you gold and the second boy said I bring you mare and the third boy said Frank sent this what these things have in common is is that kids will take a chance if they don't know they'll have a go I'm all right they're not frightened of being wrong now I don't mean to say that being wrong is the same thing as being creative what we do know is if you're not prepared to be wrong you'll never come up with anything original if you're not prepared to be wrong and by the time they get to be adults most kids have lost that capacity they have become frightened of being wrong and we run our companies this by the way we stigmatize mistakes and we're now running national education systems where mistakes are the worst thing you can make and the result is that we are educating people out of their creative capacities Picasso once said this he said that all children are born artists the problem is to remain an artist as we grow up I believe this passionately that we don't grow into creativity we grow out of it or rather we get educated out it so why is this I lived in stratford-on-avon until about five years ago in fact we moved from Stratford to Los Angeles so you can imagine what a seamless transition you know this was for me la actually we lived in a place called snitterfield just outside stratford which is where Shakespeare's father was born are you struck by a new thought I was you don't think of Shakespeare having a father do do you as you don't think of Shakespeare being a child do this Shakespeare being seven I never thought of it I mean he was a certain that somebody was in somebody's English class wasn't he how annoying would that be must try harder being sent to bed buyers now so to Shakespeare go to bed now you know to William Shakespeare and put the pencil down and stop speaking like that you know it's it's it's confusing everybody anyway we moved from Stratford to Los Angeles and I just want to say what about the transition that you my son didn't want to come I've got two kids he's 21 now and daughter 16 he didn't want to come to Los Angeles he loved it but he had a girlfriend in England this was the love of his life Sarah he'd known her for a month command-u they'd had their fourth anniversary he's convinced it because it's a long time when you're 16 anyway he was really upset on the plane he said I'll never find another girl like Sarah and we were rather pleased about now frankly sousou's the main reason we're leaving the country but something strikes you when you move to America and when you travel around the world every education system on earth has the same hierarchy of subjects everyone doesn't matter where you go you think it'll be otherwise but it isn't at the top are mathematics and languages then the humanity isn't the bottom of the Arts everywhere on earth and in pretty much every system – there's a hierarchy within the arts art and music are normally given a higher status in schools than drama and dance there isn't an education system on the planet the teachers dance everyday to children the way we teach them mathematics why why not I think this is rather important I think maths is very important but so is dance children dance all the time if they're allowed to we all do we all have bodies don't we did I miss a meeting I mean I think trophy what happens is as children grow up we start to educate them progressively from the waist up and then we focus on their heads and slightly to one side if you were to visit education as an alien and say what's it for public education I think you'd have to conclude if you look at the output you know who really succeeds – who does everything they should who gets all the brownie points you know who the winners I think it'd have to conclude the whole purpose of public education throughout the world is to produce university professors isn't there the people who come out the top and I used to be one so then you know and I like university professors but you know we shouldn't hold them up as the the high-water mark of all human achievement they're just a form of life yeah another form of life but they're rather curious and I say this out of affection for them the semi curious bank professors in my experience not all of them but typically they live in their heads they live up there and slightly to one side they're disembodied you know in a kind of literal way you know they they look upon their body as a form of transport for their heads you know it's okay it's a way of getting their head to meetings if you want real evidence of out-of-body experiences by the way get yourself along to residential Conference of senior academics and pop into the discotheque on the final night and there you will see it grown men and women writhing uncontrollably off the beat waiting to end so you can go and write a paper about it now our education system is predicated on the idea of academic ability and there's a reason the whole system was invented around the world there were no public systems of Education really before the 19th century they all came into being to meet the needs of industrialism so the hierarchy is rooted on two ideas number one that the most useful subjects for worker at the top so you were probably steered benignly away from things at school when you're a kid things you liked on the ground you would never get a job doing that is that right don't do music you're not gonna be a musician don't do art you won't be an artist benign advice now profoundly mistaken the whole world is engulfed and revolution and the second is academic ability which has really come to dominate our view of intelligence because the universities designed the system in their image if you think about the whole system of public education around the world is a protracted process of university entrance and the consequence is that many highly talented brilliant creative people think they're not because the thing they were good at at school wasn't valued or was actually stigmatized and I think we can't afford to go on that way in the next 30 years according to UNESCO more people worldwide will be graduating through education than since the beginning of history more people and it's the combination of all the things we've talked about technology and its transformation effect on work and demography and the huge explosion in population suddenly degrees aren't worth anything is natural when I was a student if you had a degree you had a job if you didn't have a job it's because you didn't want one and I didn't want one frankly so but now kids without with degrees are often heading home to carry on playing video games because you need an MA where the previous job required a BA and now you need a PhD for the other it's a process of academic inflation and it indicates the whole structure of education is shifting beneath our feet we need to radically rethink our view of intelligence we know three things about intelligence one its diverse we think about the world in all the ways that we experience it we think visually we think in sound we think kinesthetically we think in abstract terms we think in movement secondly intelligence is dynamic if you look at the interactions of a human brain as we heard yesterday from number of presentations intelligence is wonderfully interactive the brain isn't divided into compartments in fact creativity which I define as the process of having original ideas that have value more often than not comes about through the interaction of different disciplinary ways of saying things the brain it's intentional by the way there's a shaft of nerves that joins the two hours the brain called the corpus callosum it's thicker in women following off from Helen yesterday I think this is probably why women are better at multitasking because you are aren't you there's a raft of research but I know it's my personal life if my wife is cooking a meal at home which is not often thankfully but you know if you say no she's good at something but if she's cooking you know she is dealing with people on the phone she's talking to kids she's painting the ceiling you know she's doing open-heart surgery over here if I'm cooking the door is shut the kids are out the phones on the hook if she comes in I get annoyed I say teri please I'm trying to fry an egg in here you know if give me a break okay there was a general philosophical thing if a tree falls in a forest and nobody hears it did it happen remember that old chestnut I saw a great t-shirt really recently would said if a man speaks his mind in a forest and no woman hears him is he still wrong and the third thing about intelligence is its distinct I'm doing a new book at home called epiphany which is based on a series of interviews with people about how they discovered their talent and fascinated about how people got to be there it's really prompted by a conversation I had with a wonderful woman who make most people have never heard of called Gillian Lynne have you heard of her some have she's a choreographer and everybody knows her work she lived Katz and phantom the Opera she's wonderful I used to be on the board of the Royal Ballet in England as you can see and anyway Jim now had lunch one day I said how'd you got to be a dancer and she said it was interesting when she was at school she was really hopeless and the school in the 30s wrote to her parents that we think Gillian has a learning disorder you couldn't concentrate she was fidgeting I think now they'd say she had ADHD wouldn't you but this was the 1930 as an ADHD hadn't been invented you know at this point so it wasn't an available condition you know people people people weren't aware they could have that anyway she sent went to see this this specialist said this oak-paneled room and she was there with with her mother and she was led and sat on this chair at the end and she sat on her hands for 20 minutes while this man talked her mother about all the problems Gillian was having at school and at the end of it because she was disturbing people that homework was always late and so on little kid of a in the end the the doctor went and sat next Gillian said Gillian have listened to all these things the mothers told me I need to speak to her privately so she said she said wait here we'll be back we won't be very long and and and they went to left her but as they went out the room he turned on the radio that was sitting on his desk and when they got out of the room he said to mother just stand and watch him and the minute they left the room she said she was on her feet moving to the music and they watched a few minutes and he turned to her mother and he said you know mrs. Lynne Gillian isn't sick she's a dancer take her to a dance school I said what happened said she did I can't tell you say how wonderful it was we walked in this room and it was full of people like me people who couldn't sit still people who had to move to think who had to move to think they did ballet they did tap they did jazz they did modern day contemporary she was eventually auditioned for the Royal Ballet School she became a soloist she had a wonderful career at the Royal Ballet she eventually graduates from the Royal Ballet School found her own company the Gillian Lynne Dance Company met Andrew Lloyd Webber she's been responsible some of those successful musical theater actions in history she's given pleasure to millions and she's a multi-millionaire somebody else might have put on medication and told her to calm down now I think what I think it comes to this Al Gore spoke the other night about ecology and the revolution that was triggered by Rachel Carson I believe our only hope for the future is to adopt a new conception of human ecology one in which we start to reconstitute our conception of the richness of human capacity our education system has mined our minds in the way that we strip-mine the earth for a particular commodity and for the future it won't serve us we have to rethink the fundamental principles on which were educating our children there was a wonderful quote by Jonas Salk who said if you were to if all the insects were to disappear from the earth within 50 years all life on earth would end if all human beings disappeared from the earth within 50 years all forms of life would flourish and he's right what Ted celebrates is the gift of the human imagination we have to be careful now that we use this gift wisely and that we avert some of the scenarios that we've talked about and the only way we'll do it is by seeing our creative capacities for the richness they are and seeing our children for the hope that they are and our task is to educate their whole being so they can face this future by the way we may not see this future but they will and our job is to help them make something of it thank you very much you

14 thoughts on “Ken Robinson – Do schools kill creativity/ TED Talks (English subtitles)”

  1. You know I don’t like to consider myself depressed but I’m sad a lot and when I think about it I was the most creative child I would build stuff from nothing solve problems my parents had but now I’m just sad In class when I get the answer the teachers say no you dident use this formula and you dident do it this way so your wrong sure you got the answer but your wrong cause you dident do it this one way that’s what makes me really sad

  2. I’m from Russia. And our homework was watch this video. And I would like to say Thank you to Mr. Kin! It was an amazing speech!

  3. I’m a product of shut up
    And listen to the education system and your teachers who know better than you
    And a society that values one life form more than the other and now I’m depressed

    But I pray

  4. Amazing!!! I am a mother of a 2 year-old boy and I am gratefull to watch this conference for him, priceless

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